WHAT IT IS
- The two-state solution is a potential resolution to the Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
- The two-state solution is the belief that there can be a peaceful cohabitation of the territory by establishing two independent Jewish and Palestinian states.
- Four main obstacles to the two-state solution: Borders, Jerusalem, Refugees, Security.
WHY IT MATTERS
Israel is a strong ally of the US, but has made controversial moves in years past. These moves include claiming land over the years through war and illegal settlements built in the West Bank, and enacted a blockade on the Gaza Strip creating a humanitarian crisis. These factors combine to create what some claim to be an apartheid state – some estimates state there are seven million Palestinian refugees who have been displaced by the Israelis.
WHERE WE ARE NOW
- Peace talks have ceased as the most recent two-state negotiation fell apart in 2014.
- President Trump has indicated that the peace process will be a priority for his administration and has appointed his son-in-law to run it.
- Israeli President Benjamin Netanyahu said in 2015 there would never be a Palestinian state under his watch.
- Palestinians have pursued a course of international recognition of statehood with the hope of pressuring the Israelis from the outside.
- The UN Security Council voted in December 2016 to declare Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal (a vote the U.S. abstained from, but tellingly declined to veto).
THINGS TO THINK ABOUT
- Is a two-state solution even possible anymore? With both sides seemingly dug-in, is there any feasible way forward?
- Will a resurgent conservative government in Israel, continue to build settlements and alienate the rest of the world?
- Will growing international sympathy for the Palestinians affect the Israeli government?